PAPER is a thin material made of fiber from a few hundred mm to a few centimeters thick, often of plant origin, and is formed by a hydrogen-bonding force without adhesives. Normally paper is used in the form of thin layers but can also be used to shape large objects (papier-mâché). On the principle of paper is produced from wood pulp or pulp. The most important type of cultural paper is writing paper. Besides paper is used as packaging material, in furniture such as wallpaper, toilet paper or in decorative crafts, especially in Japan and China.

Before the invention of paper, people recorded documents that were painted in caves or carved on clay steles, and then people used leather to store documents. Since the Chinese invented paper in 105, paper began to be widely used in China and until 750 new paper production techniques spread to Samarkand through Chinese prisoners in a border dispute. Paper was brought to Europe from the 12th century through cultural exchanges between Western Christianity and the Arabian East as well as through the Islamic period of Spain.

The first human language symbols found in caves were written on rocks, bones, then wood, metal and plaster.

 The Acts used the Papyrus tree (the tree) on the Nile River to crush it and weave it into a piece of paper.

In 105 AD, Mr. Sai Luan from China invented a way to make paper from rags, crushed old fishing nets, and into sheets.

In the 7th century, paper was popular in Japan.
In 751, a battle in Samarcande, the Chinese lost the battle and the secret to making paper spread to Arab countries, then to Andalucia (Spain). The first paper mill in the world appeared in Europe near Cordoba, then Seville.
The first factory in Italy was built near Fabriano around 1250.

Around the 13th century, there appeared art paper in France, but it was not until 1348 that Troyes had a Paper Factory, then Essones.

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